Everything You Need to Know About Baby Products and Their Ingredients

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Written By DailyHealthNeeds

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When it comes to taking care of your little one, choosing the right baby products is essential. From baby powders to shampoos, oils, and lotions, there are a plethora of options available in the market. However, it’s important to understand the ingredients used in these products to ensure the safety and well-being of your baby. In this article, we will provide you with valuable information on baby powders, shampoos, oils, and lotions, including the difference between talcum powder and baby powder.

Everything You Need to Know About Baby Products Ingredients
Everything You Need to Know About Baby Products Ingredients

Choosing Safe Ingredients in Baby Skin Care Products

There are lots of safe products you can use on your little one’s skin. Still, you should talk with your baby’s pediatrician about a skincare routine at their first checkups and before introducing a new skincare product.


Not all babies need moisturizer applied. Patches of dry skin will often go away on their own.

If you want to use a moisturizer, though, ointments such as petroleum jelly are the most moisturizing and often the most cost-effective.

However, some parents and babies may not like the greasy feel of ointments. If that’s the case, choose a moisturizing cream over lotions, which require more frequent applications for similar moisturizing effects.


Sunscreen isn’t recommended for babies under 6 months old. For babies older than 6 months, sunscreen should be applied to areas of uncovered skin when they’re exposed to both direct and indirect sunlight.

Opt for mineral-based sunscreens, also known as physical sunscreens, that block harmful UV rays. The American Academy of Dermatology recommends choosing sunscreens containing zinc oxide or titanium dioxide for children to lessen the chance of skin irritation.

Bath products

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends using a small amount of mild cleanser with a neutral pH for bath time. Check the ingredients list for harsh additives, such as alcohols and fragrances, that may dry out baby’s skin or cause irritation.

Information on Baby Powders

Baby powders are commonly used to keep a baby’s skin dry and prevent diaper rash. However, it’s crucial to choose a baby powder that is safe and gentle on your baby’s delicate skin. The main difference between talcum powder and baby powder lies in their ingredients.

Talcum powder is made from talc, a mineral composed of magnesium, silicon, and oxygen. It has been used for decades as a moisture-absorbing agent. However, due to potential health risks associated with talc, many baby powders now use alternatives like cornstarch or arrowroot powder.

Cornstarch is a natural ingredient derived from corn and is known for its moisture-absorbing properties. Arrowroot powder, on the other hand, is obtained from the roots of the arrowroot plant and is also used as a natural alternative to talcum powder.

Ingredients of Baby Powders

When choosing a baby powder, it’s important to read the label and understand the ingredients used. Look for powders that are free from harsh chemicals, fragrances, and potential allergens. Some common ingredients found in baby powders include:

  • Cornstarch or arrowroot powder
  • Zinc oxide: Helps protect the skin and prevent diaper rash
  • Calendula: Soothes and moisturizes the skin
  • Lavender or chamomile: Provides a calming effect

Always check for any potential allergens and consult with your pediatrician if you have any concerns about specific ingredients.

Information on Baby Shampoos

Baby shampoos are specially formulated to be gentle on your baby’s scalp and hair. They are designed to cleanse without causing irritation or dryness. When choosing a baby shampoo, look for products that are tear-free, hypoallergenic, and free from harsh chemicals.

Some key ingredients you may find in baby shampoos include:

  • Glycerin: Helps moisturize the scalp and hair
  • Chamomile or lavender: Provides a soothing effect
  • Aloe vera: Soothes the scalp and promotes healthy hair growth
  • Coconut oil: Conditions and nourishes the hair

Always perform a patch test before using a new shampoo to ensure your baby does not have any adverse reactions.

Information on Baby Oils

Baby oils are commonly used for massage or as a moisturizer to keep your baby’s skin soft and supple. When selecting a baby oil, opt for products that are hypoallergenic, fragrance-free, and gentle on the skin.

Some common ingredients found in baby oils include:

  • Mineral oil: Helps lock in moisture and prevent dryness
  • Jojoba oil: Moisturizes and nourishes the skin
  • Shea butter: Provides deep hydration
  • Calendula extract: Soothes and protects the skin

Always do a patch test before using a new oil and avoid using oils on broken or irritated skin.

Information on Baby Lotions

Baby lotions are used to keep your baby’s skin moisturized and protected. Look for lotions that are free from harsh chemicals, fragrances, and potential irritants.

Some common ingredients found in baby lotions include:

  • Glycerin: Attracts moisture to the skin and keeps it hydrated
  • Shea butter: Provides deep moisturization
  • Chamomile or lavender: Soothes and calms the skin
  • Vitamin E: Nourishes and protects the skin

Always test a small amount of lotion on your baby’s skin before applying it all over to check for any adverse reactions.

Ingredients to avoid

While each baby is unique, some ingredients are especially important to avoid in products for your little one. These include ingredients that are likely to cause irritation and allergies, as well as those that may be absorbed through the skin.


Everyone loves a good-smelling baby. As a result, fragrances are common in baby skin care products. Another 2018 study of 533 baby products found that almost half contain fragrances or perfumes.

Fragrances can cause allergic reactions, including rashes and breathing problems. If your baby seems sensitive to products with fragrances, be sure to choose soaps and moisturizers with labels that don’t have these words:

  • “fragrance”
  • “perfume”
  • “parfum”
  • “essential oil blend”
  • “aroma”

Fragrances may be listed generically without using specific ingredient names, or they may be identified by a less obvious name, such as “amyl cinnamal.”

Synthetic dyes

The good news is that most color additives and synthetic dyes are tightly regulated by the FDA and must get approval before they’re included in cosmetic products. However, this certification doesn’t apply to all dyes.

Dyes that don’t need to be certified include those from:

  • minerals
  • plants
  • animal sources


Parabens are used in a variety of cosmetic and food products as a preservative. They’re particularly common in “wash off” products such as soaps and shampoos.

Parabens are a common source of irritation from skin care products, so they should be avoided for babies and young children who are sensitive to them. Parabens are also easily absorbed by the skin.

Research from 2018 suggests that the long-term exposure to parabens throughout a person’s life may affect their metabolism and hormone regulation, so you may want to reduce your child’s exposure early in childhood.


Phthalates are chemicals used in some cosmetic products. While it’s not clear exactly how they affect health, some 2010 research suggests that exposure to phthalates at different times in life has effects on human development, allergies, and reproductive health.

The FDA has concluded that there isn’t enough evidence to regulate phthalates in cosmetics. According to its websiteTrusted Source, diethylphthalate (DEP) is the only phthalate still commonly used in cosmetic products.


Formaldehyde and formaldehyde-releasing preservatives are used in a variety of cosmetic products, including liquid baby soaps and baby wipes. These compounds are used to prevent bacterial growth but also may cause skin irritation and allergic reactions in people who are sensitive to them.

Although the doses observed in skin care products are generally considered safe, repeated and long-term exposure may increase the risk of other health concerns, including asthma and some cancers.

Most cosmetic companies have voluntarily removed formaldehyde from their products, but it’s still used in some products for babies and children, so be sure to check the ingredients list.

Propylene glycol

Propylene glycol is a type of alcohol commonly used in moisturizers and sunscreens. It has become increasingly popular in cosmetic products due to its skin-softening properties, but it’s also a common cause of irritation and allergic reactions.

Talk with your child’s pediatrician or dermatologist if you suspect your little one is having a reaction to it.


Sulfates are a hard ingredient to avoid. They’re used in a lot of different skin care products, such as shampoos and body washes.

The most commonly used sulfates are:

  • sodium lauryl sulfate
  • sodium laureth sulfate

Sulfates aren’t necessarily unsafe, but they can cause temporary irritation. If you notice any redness, dryness, or itching after bath time, check your baby’s products for sulfates and consider switching to a sulfate-free wash.

Chemical sunscreens

Not all sunscreens are created equal. Chemical sunscreens protect skin by absorbing UV rays, whereas mineral sunscreens block UV light, deflecting it away from the skin.

Both protect against the sun’s harmful rays, and chemical sunscreens are often more appealing to parents because they’re easier to apply.

However, researchTrusted Source published in 2020 suggests that some of the ingredients in chemical sunscreens can be absorbed through the skin into the body. While that doesn’t necessarily mean they’re unsafe, parents should be aware of the potential risks until more research is done, since some of these compounds may affect the activity of hormones in the body.

Common ingredients in chemical sunscreens to avoid include:

  • avobenzone
  • benzophenone
  • homosalate
  • methoxycinnamate
  • octinoxate
  • octisalate
  • oxybenzone
  • PABA


Choosing the right baby products and understanding their ingredients is crucial for your baby’s health and well-being. When selecting baby powders, shampoos, oils, and lotions, opt for products that are gentle, hypoallergenic, and free from harsh chemicals. Always read the labels, perform patch tests, and consult with your pediatrician if you have any concerns. By making informed choices, you can ensure that your baby’s skin remains healthy, soft, and protected.

Which ingredients do you look for when purchasing baby care products?

While choosing baby soaps, shampoos, and lotions look for quality and not quantity. Keep a look out for natural ingredients like vegetable oils, cocoa butter, or almond oil. Aloe vera is another natural ingredient that comes in handy for treating allergies and rashes and is safe to use on baby’s skin.

Is sodium benzoate harmful to babies?

Like benzyl alcohol, sodium benzoate occurs naturally in some foods, including fruits, seafood, and dairy products. More common, however, is it’s synthetic counterpart, which is used as a food additive that’s GRAS (Generally Recognized As Safe) by the FDA up to a concentration of 0.1%.

How do I know if my baby products are safe?

Check the CPSC website for the latest information about toy recalls or call their hotline at (800) 638-CPSC to report a toy you think is unsafe. You also can sign up to get news about the most up-to-date toy recalls. If you have any doubt about a toy’s safety, don’t let your baby play with it.

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